A Comprehensive Guide to Different Styles of Carpets and Upholstery

Making a decision on the right type of rug for your home isn't always easy. With so many options available, it can be difficult to know where to start. Here's an expert guide from HGTV to help you make the best choice for your home. When it comes to soft floor coverings, wool is the classic choice.

For a more modern look, consider consulting with a California Interior Design professional to find the perfect rug for your space. Natural and woven, it offers a greater variety of designs, details and colors than a traditional tufted rug. Wool is also known for its good stain resistance, as long as you treat any spills quickly. Plus, it has inherent flame retardant characteristics. Manufacturers are responding to the sustainability trend by creating rugs with recycled materials.

Some use recycled nylon, while others use recycled soda bottles to create a green line. If this is an important factor for you when making your decision, ask your seller for more information about the brands they carry. The most common types of carpet fibers are nylon, polyester, polypropylene, acrylic and wool. Rugs are made by wrapping fiber yarns through the backing material in a way similar to how you sew a button on a shirt. These fiber loops can be left intact or cut at various angles and lengths.

The way in which fiber loops are treated is known as carpet pile. The six types of rugs are textured, plush, frilled, cable, berber and cut and rolled. Each type has its own appearance and performance conditions.


rugs are best for high-traffic areas and rooms where dirt, pet hair or other messes are a problem. Nylon is by far the most popular carpet fiber; some estimates suggest that two-thirds of all synthetic carpets are made of nylon. A sculpted rug has fibers that are rolled and cut, creating variations in height and texture on the surface of the rug.

Since ladders are more difficult to clean, the best rug for stairs should also deter pet hair; consider low-haired rug options. The two main types of carpet construction are defined by the way in which the fibers of the carpet are attached to its support. You can “test field density” with your fingers; if you can feel the back of the rug, it won't be very dense.Fried-cut hair refers to a rug in which relatively long cut fibers twist and bend, causing them to curl erratically on the surface of the rug. PET (polyethylene terephthalate) is a common type of polyester carpet made from recycled plastic bottles; making it an eco-friendly option that can also be recycled after use. Cropped carpets are the most popular type of rug, although they are less durable than round-haired rugs and more likely to be crushed. A proper base layer is vital for extending the life of the rug, adding cushioning, keeping the house quieter and keeping the carpet clean. Because it is less resistant than nylon, polyester carpet is best used in low-haired carpets such as Berber rugs (low rugs with hair rolled up with specks of different colors).

Also called a cushion or base, the carpet pad is the thin layer of foam, fiber or rubber found underneath carpets. The industry is also minimizing environmental impact by recycling carpets at the end of their useful life; either to convert them into new carpets or other products such as roofing shingles and automotive parts. However, polyester carpet is one of the most affordable options; making it a great type of rug for anyone on a budget or looking for temporary flooring for a rental property.

Mathew Aspri
Mathew Aspri

Subtly charming tv buff. twitter lover. Passionate organizer. Total pop culture enthusiast. Typical football fan.

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